Workshop on
Rabbit Husbandry in Africa

Morogoro, Tanzania
Decembrer 16-21, 1978


Organized with the contribution if the International Foundation for Science
Stockholm, Sweden

ISSN - 2308-1910
(the
ISBN number of the original IFS printed edition was : 91-85798-03-7)

The whole content of the report is included.
At the end of each of the 2 sessions, the discusions following the presentation of the papers is also reported. The session 1 was devoted to the presentation of rabbit production in 5 African countries (no abstract available). For the 13 papers presented during the 2nd session , each communication is followed by an abstract of the paper, in italic for those realized by the webmaster of this web site (FL), in order to facilitate the bibliographical indexation.

Click on the author's name, to load the  full text (scan of the oroginal printed paper)
Because 2 consecutives pages were scanned together, in most cases in order to easily read the pages, it is necessary to rotate clockwise

Opening ceremony, 1978, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 5-16
Welcome addresses of Pr Kyomo M.L. Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Sciences, University of Dar Es Salaam, of Dr Malecela J.S. Minister of Agriculture, of Dr Liwenga J.M., Vice-Chairman of Tanzania national scientific research council and of Dr Göhl B., Project secretary , International Foundation for Science
  SESSION 1
Mgheni M. 1978- Rabbit husbandry in Tanzania, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 17-28

El Amin F.M., 1978 - Rabbit husbandry in the Sudan , Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 29-42

Gaspari D., 1978 - Rabbit breeding production in Mozambique, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 43-48

Kangni L.D., 1978 - Rabbit husbandry in the Togo, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 49-52

Lungu J.P., 1978 - Rabbit production in Zambia, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 53-55

Discussions of session 1, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 57-70
Presentation of the different questions and answers which have followed the oral presentation of the different communications of this session.

  SESSION 2
Owen J.E., 1978 - Rabbit production in tropical countries, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 73-92.
Abstract : Rabbits are making an increasing contribution to meat production in many developing countries in the tropics. These animals are capable of supplying meat in reasonable quantities when kept under small-scale low input systems.
This paper draws attention to some of the advantages of the rabbit as a meat producer in tropical countries, and also to the problems which must inevitably arise.
Although successful rabbit production is being achieved in many cases, notably in Ghana, there is considerable room for improvement without resorting to the use of expensive equipment and materials. Work needs to be carried out on many aspects of rabbit meat production in the tropics. The most important consideration is nutrition and feeding in relation to the efficient utilisation of locally available materials. The Tropical Products Institute in collaboration with Reading University. has initiated a research programme on this subject. Some data arising from this project is discussed. Much of the. information presented was collected during overseas visits by the author.

Mamattha N., 1978 - Sociological aspects of introducing rabbits into farm practice , Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 93-99.
Abstract As far as I am concerned, I know of no sociologically adverse aspects for introducing Rabbits into Farm Practices. If there are problems, they should be related to those underlying factors, namely:
1. The need for funds for the expansion of more Rabbit Projects and thousands of back-yard rabbitries in support of the break-through now being experienced and proved in Ghana; and
2. Aid to the back-yard and commercial breeders by way of cheap parent-stock, drugs and additives to make possible for more and more people in the slender income group to produce, through the breeding of rabbits, quick and rich protein-meat for their families - thus forcing down the cost of other meats they need to eat for variety and good health.

McNitt J.I., 1978 - Methods of smallholder rabbit production, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 100-111.
Abstract : A number of problems which may impede rabbit production in developing countries are enumerated. The approach of the Bunda College Rabbit Research Project to the problems of housing and facilities, breeding, alternative feedstuffs and disease are described along with examples of possible solutions to each problem. It is concluded that smallholder rabbit production is possible in the Central Region of Malawi but further work must be carried out before widespread introductions are made.

Costa O., 1978 - Rabbit production in developing countries, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 113-116.
Abstract : The authors makes a list of the advantages on rabbit meat production , compared to some other meat productions on Mozambique. Accordingly a governmental program of promotion of rabbit portion in the country was held. It is divided in 3 phases : 1/technical trials, training of personnel and production of breeding stock, 2/installation of regional infrastructures and the collection of data and 3/Production in collective units (FL)

Odonkor L., 1978 - A new method for rabbit production, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 117-128.
Abstract : To produce rabbits on a large scale using less labour, they should be kept in large groups for mass services and bred by plan for continuous production. Owing to the behaviour patterns of rabbits, it is very difficult to keep them in large gangs peacefully except in accordance to their sex, age and physical condition. Therefore the "Penta-Sectional Grouping System" was introduced along with the "Rotary Breeding Plan" which make fuller use of the rabbit housing, easy division of labour, routine work and ease of operation

Ramchurn R., 1978 - New food resources for rabbit in Mauritius, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 129-135.
Abstract : The possibility of using Saccharum officinarum, Leucaena leucocephala, Stenotaphrum dimidiatum, Chloris gayana and Pennisetum purpureum was studied. In the first experiment all these species were compared with a prepared standard feed. There was no significant difference between the standard diet and Saccharum spp. and Stenotaphrum spp. Leucaena sp. proved to be better than the standard diet. In the second and third experiments with different levels of Saccharum sp. and Leucaena sp. results showed that the replacement of up to 40% of the standard diet in growing rabbits seems to be possible without affecting the performances of the animals.

El Amin F.M., 1978. Reproductive performance of rabbits selected for post-weaning growth rate, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 137-153.
Abstract : A selection experiment involving two strains of rabbits, a New Zealand White (NZW) and a Californian (Cal) were divided into 4 lines selected for post-weaning growth rate between 30 and 60 days of age : CR selected from NZW , CRX selected from an initial a cross between CR males and Cal females, CL random bred control from NZW and Cal random bred control from Cal strain In each of the lines GR; GRX and CL six males were each mated to three females while in the Cal line there were four males each mated to 3 females. Selection was conducted for 5 generations
Litter size born averaged 7.30 young/litter and litter size born alive averaged 6.84 young/litter over all the lines. It has shown a correlated response to selection for rapid post-weaning growth rate. The coefficient of variation for litter size born was high indicationg a large variability in the trait
Litter size weaned 5.47 young/litter over all the lines and generations showed some improvement over the initial levels. It was also shown that inbreeding had little effect on litter traits indicating the success of the mating plan in avoiding inbreeding at the initial generations. There was a correlated response in age at first kindling to selection for rapid post-weaning growth rate.

Aduma J.P., 1978 - Coccidiosis in rabbits, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 155-161.
Abstract : A study made over a period of two months in a group of New Zealand White rabbits and later observations at the "Egerton College rabbitry" showed that the clinico-pathological features of various species of Eimeria can be very much reduced if certain management practices are observed and strictly adhered to. These included (1) Proper construction of cages and pens, (2) Avoidance of overcrowding in the pens, (3) Frequent clearing of pens and cages, (4) good nutrition and (5) Frequent application of coccidiostats such as Neomycin, Tetracyclines, Amprolium and Sulfaquinoxaline. By Wmaintaining a high sanitary standards, the life cycle of-the parasite was either broken or the number of oocysts sporulating greatly reduced; thus allowing for a build up or immunity

Semuguruka W.D., 1978 - Observations on rabbit diseases in Tanzania, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 163-170.
Abstract : The authors makes a description on most frequent diseases encountered in rabbit production. in Tanzania : causes of the disease; clinical features, and pathologic changes. But treatment and control are not given in the paper. List the diseases presented and analysed in the paper : Pasteurellosis (P. multocida, P. pseudotuberculosis, ...), Coccidiosis, Enteritis (colibacilosis, salmonellosis, staphylococcosis, ...) Micellaneous problems (cannibalism, stomach, hairballs (FL)

Rugh J.W., 1978 - Housing of rabbits in Africa, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 171-179.
Abstract : Rabbits are raised in a variety of conditions, including batteries of cages in a commercial rabbitry, backyard hutches made of boards and wire screen, cages made of bamboo, dirt floors in mud huts, and even in their natural habitat in the wild. In this paper the author reviews some of the different housing in which rabbits are raised and some of the basic criteria to keep in mind when designing housing for rabbits. Two types of housing appropriate to African village conditions are dealt with more specifically; the wood and bamboo hutch commonly used in forest areas; and alternatives for savannah areas where even these materials are difficult to obtain.

Williams D., 1978 - Rabbit raising in Saboda area [Ghana], Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 179-183.
Abstract : This paper describes the Saboba Familly Health Program situated in north-west Ghana. The objective is the encouragement of the village women to raise rabbits (a new idea in these villages). Rabbits are raised in small round mud huts with a thatched roof. A hut is jugged suitable if the floor is dry throughout the rainy season. The buck and doe are kept together until the doe kindles and then the buck is removed and most frequently introduced in the hut of another [empty] doe. Rabbits are fed greens found locally. In the dry season the children must go far to find them , but in the rainy season this is no problem. The residue from the local millet beer called "pito mash" is also given. Left over millet, guinea corn and groundnuts are given if food at the time is not scarce. Yam peeling are also given. Thirty-five women in 13 villages around Saboda are raising rabbits in this way, some since more than 5 years, producing enough rabbits to sell to their neighbours and to eat on special occasions (FL)

Owen J.E. , 1978 - Notes on [rabbit] slaughter and carcass preparation, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 203-206.
Abstract : With 5 sketches and few words, the author describes a technique usable to kill, skin and eviscerate rabbits. In addition he explains how to cut the carcass on different pieces, to pack and store them (FL)

Anonymous, 1978 - Recipes on cooking rabbits, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 207-212.
Abstract : Different recipes are shortly described : list of ingredients and preparation method : Rabbit barbecue with lemon, Rabbit à la silvestre (USA), Etrurian rabbit (Italy), stewed rabbit (Tanzania), Jugged rabbit (Tanzania), Fried rabbit (Sweden), Rabbit bahiana (Brazil), Grilled rabbit with garlic sauce (Catalonia-Spain), Peppery rabbit santé (France), Rabbit paté (Spain) and Rabbit with capsicums (Switzerland). (FL)

Discussions of session 2 , Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 185-197
Presentation of the different questions and answers which have followed the oral presentation of the different communications of this session

Workshop Conclusions and Recommendations, 1978, Workshop on Rabbit Husbandry in Africa, Morogoro-Tanzania, December 16-21, 1978, 199-201

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